Chemotherapy and radiation are likely to come to mind when you think of cancer therapies. That could change in the near future.
In recent years, a lot has changed in terms of how the condition is and will be treated. As a result, cancer patients and their doctors now have more alternatives, with more on the way.
Personalized Medicine(Medicine that is tailored to the individual)
Previously, most persons with the same type and stage of cancer had the same treatment. Doctors now understand that a remedy that works for one individual may not work for another.
Doctors can now better predict which medicines will benefit you the most based on your DNA.
Some medications are also more targeted than others. Instead than wiping out all cells, including healthy ones, some scientists can concentrate solely on cancer cells.
Immune cells and drugs would be able to go inside tumours and fight back.
Drug-Free Treatments (Treatments without the use of drugs)
Yoga, massage, meditation, and hypnosis are examples of drug-free therapies that might help you live a better life while undergoing cancer treatment. Some can help you relax and improve your mood. Others may make it simpler to cope with the side effects of chemotherapy or radiation.
Acupuncture, an ancient Chinese treatment involving the insertion of tiny needles into the skin, can help with symptoms such as:
- Night sweats
- Hot flashes
Imaging advancements may make it easier for doctors to learn more about the cancer they’re dealing with. There are ongoing studies to learn more about these imaging approaches and the cancers they’re fighting.
For instance, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) can reveal the tangle of blood veins in a new prostate tumour. This close-up look can assist doctors in determining the best treatment option.
Women with breast cancer can benefit from fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLI). A scan will reveal whether you have proteins that aid in the growth of cancer cells. If you do, they may be able to recommend a treatment that can slow or stop the growth.
Other high-tech technologies can destroy cancers thanks to improved imaging. Cryoablation (freezing) is one way that doctors can employ to treat them. This means they may not need to remove a lung entirely or in part.
High heat from a laser is used to target cancer cells in your prostate in MRI-guided focused laser ablation. Doctors can get to cancer and eradicate it if they can see it in an imaging scan.
Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that uses the body
Cancer cells can evade your immune system, which makes it difficult to combat. Your body either doesn’t recognise them as threats or can’t fight them aggressively enough.
However, some novel immunotherapy medications “mark” these cells so they can be found more easily. These drugs can also boost your body’s defences, allowing them to battle tumours more effectively.
Some cancers are already being treated with this method. There are a slew of new medications in the works.
CAR T-cell therapy is a type of gene therapy that has been approved by the FDA. It treats cancer by using T cells, which are your own immune cells. Doctors take your blood cells and modify them by adding new genes so that they can better detect and kill cancer cells.
Currently, the medicine tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) is approved for the treatment of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in children and young people up to the age of 25 who haven’t responded to prior treatments. However, scientists are developing a CAR T-cell therapy for adults and other types of cancer.
Tisagenleleucel and axicabtagene (Yescarta) are both licenced for the treatment of individuals with certain forms of B-cell lymphoma who have not responded to prior treatments.
The FDA recently approved brexucabtagene autoleucel (Tecartus) as a new treatment for individuals with mantle cell lymphoma that has not responded to prior treatments or has returned after treatment.
Changing Your Way of Life
You’re aware that you should eat fewer fatty meals, exercise more, and restrict your alcohol consumption. These common sense tips can also help you avoid cancer.
Working exercise can reduce your chances of developing 13 different malignancies. It’s also not necessary to run marathons to gain the benefits. It will assist if you walk for 30 minutes each day during your lunch break.
Having options is beneficial in life. The number of options available to cancer patients is growing all the time.